~THE SIX-GUN JUSTICE PODCAST~

CELEBRATING THE BLAZING SIX-GUN ACTION OF THE WESTERN GENRE

IN BOOKS, MOVIES, TV, AND ANY OTHER MEDIA AT HOME ON THE RANGE...

Tuesday, March 1, 2022

TEXAS RANGERS—CAPTAIN MANUEL TARAZAZAS 'LONE WOLF' GONZAULLAS

TEXAS RANGERS
CAPTAIN  MANUEL TARAZAZAS 
'LONE WOLF' 
GONZAULLAS
Legendary Texas Ranger Captain Manuel Trazazas Gonzaullas (1891-1977), nicknamed 'Lone Wolf,' was born in Spain to parents who were naturalized United States citizens. He served as a Mexican army major at age 20, worked five years for the U.S. Treasury Department, then joined the Texas Rangers in 1920. Gonzaullas' choice of a law enforcement career is often attributed to witnessing the murder of his two brothers by bandits at the age of fifteen. Known as El Lobo Solo—the Lone Wolf—he singlehandedly pursued bootleggers, gamblers, and drug runners across East Texas and along the border.

During the early 1930's, the population of Kilgore, Texas exploded. Driven by the East Texas oil strikes, the town’s buildings were torn down and replaced by oil derricks. As the oil continued to flow, opportunists—good and bad—flocked to Kilgore. At one point, in a span of two weeks, the town’s population went from 700 to 10,000. It didn’t take long for Kilgore to earn the title of most lawless town in Texas.

After the initial oil boom, Lone Wolf Gonzaullas was sent in to restore law and order to the town. He had little patience for thieves, con men, and other criminals, and claimed to distrust a man whose hands showed no calluses. He quickly made it known that liquor rings, dope, and gambling houses would no longer be tolerated and advised transients to secure legitimate work, vacate the town, or spend their days in the jail. He made his contempt for criminals known by marching handcuffed miscreants down the town’s streets as a warning. He refused to condone lawlessness of any kind.

Astride his black horse, Gonzaullas made quite an impression, with his highly polished Ranger star pinned to his chest, and his two pearl gripped 45s at his side. Said to have amassed a large collection of confiscated weapons from those he'd arrested, Gonzaullas was reputed to have shot 75 criminals. He, however, maintained this number was grossly exaggerated.

In 1933, Governor Miriam Ferguson fired Gonzaullas and other Texas Rangers. In response, the Texas Legislature created the independent Department of Public Safety in 1935, which consisted of the Texas Highway Patrol, Texas Rangers, and Bureau of Intelligence. Gonzaullas was appointed Superintendent of the D.P.S. Bureau of Intelligence and created a crime laboratory second only to that of the F.B.I. 

In 1940, Gonzaullas resigned from the Bureau and rejoined the Rangers as Captain of Company B in Dallas
becoming the first Hispanic Captain in the modern Ranger force. 

One of his most notable assignments sent him to Texarkana in 1946, to investigate the Texarkana Phantom Killer serial murders. After retirement in 1951, he lived in Hollywood for a time advising radio, television, and film productions, including Tales of the Texas Rangers. Captain Gonzaullas was one of the last Roaring Twenties and Depression-era Rangers who lived to see the founding of the Texas Ranger Hall of Fame and Museum. 

With a reputation for being hardline but courteous, Gonzaullas was also known for his religious convictions. He often gave Bibles to those he felt could benefit from redemption.  In many cases, he took the time to highlight verses on sinning and forgiveness.

The Lone Wolf died in Dallas in 1977, at age 85. After his passing, he was inducted into the Texas Ranger Hall of Fame.

Mr. L. Stanley White II, of Coldspring, Texas, inherited a collection of artifacts once owned by Captain Gonzaullas. Mr. White’s family, close friends of Gonzaullas, recognized the historical importance of this collection, and chose to donate it to the Texas Ranger Hall of Fame in the name of the people of Texas, whom Captain Gonzaullas served.


ITEMS IN THE COLLECTION
Engraved Colt Single Action 45
Manufactured in 1912

Matched pair of heavily engraved, 
gold decorated, specially modified 
Colt 45 Automatics
Manufactured in 1931

Matched pair of engraved
Smith and Wesson .44 Special Pistols
Manufactured in 1929 and 1938

Peerless Handcuffs

Inscribed Photo of MT Gonzaullas

1951 Newsweek page about
Capt. Gonzaullas

Pair of S.D. Myers Holsters

Pair of Holsters and gun belt
with magazine pouch

1951 Houston Chronicle page

2 comments: